1. Charles A. Stafford and Abhay Shastry,
    Local entropy of a nonequilibrium fermion system, Journal of Chemical Physics 146, 092324 (2017); arXiv:1611.07546.

  2. Abhay Shastry and Charles A. Stafford,
    Temperature and voltage measurement in quantum systems far from equilibrium, Physical Review B 94, 155433 (2016); arXiv:1603.00096.

  3. Charles A. Stafford, Local temperature of an interacting quantum system far from equilibrium, Physical Review B 93, 245403 (2016); arXiv:1409.3179.

  4. Mark T. Lusk, Charles A. Stafford, Jeramy D. Zimmerman, and Lincoln D. Carr, Control of exciton transport using quantum interference, Physical Review B 92, 241112(R) (2015).

  5. Abhay Shastry and Charles A. Stafford,
    Cold spots in quantum systems far from equilibrium: local entropies and temperatures near absolute zero, Physical Review B 92, 245417 (2015); arXiv:1508.03385.

  6. Justin P. Bergfield, Mark A. Ratner, Charles A. Stafford, Massimiliano Di Ventra, Tunable Quantum Temperature Oscillations in Graphene Nanostructures, Physical Review B 91, 125407 (2015); arXiv:1305.6602.

  7. Lan Gong, J. Bürki, Charles A. Stafford, Daniel L. Stein,
    Lifetimes of Metal Nanowires with Broken Axial Symmetry, Physical Review B 91, 035401 (2015); arXiv:1410.1949.

  8. J. P. Bergfield and C. A. Stafford,
    Thermoelectric Corrections to Quantum Voltage Measurement,
    Physical Review B 90, 235438 (2014); arXiv:1409.2569.

  9. J. Meair, J.P. Bergfield, C.A. Stafford, Ph. Jacquod,
    Local temperature of out-of-equilibrium quantum electron systems,
    Physical Review B 90, 035407 (2014); arXiv:1306.6345.

  10. Joshua D. Barr, Charles A. Stafford, On Transmission Node Structure in Interacting Systems, arXiv:1303.3618

  11. Justin P. Bergfield, Shauna M. Story, Robert C. Stafford, Charles A. Stafford, Probing Maxwell's Demon with a Nanoscale Thermometer, ACS Nano 7, 4429-4440 (2013).

  12. J. Bürki, C. A. Stafford, and D. L. Stein, A Nano-Transistor Based on Gate-Induced Thermal Switching, International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Nanotechnology 1, 30-37 (2012).

  13. J. D. Barr, J. P. Bergfield, C. A. Stafford
    Effective Field Theory of Interacting π-Electrons,
    Physical Review B 86, 115403 (2012); arXiv:1108.0021.

  14. Z. F. Liu, J. P. Bergfield, K. Burke, and C. A. Stafford
    Accuracy of density functionals for molecular electronics: The Anderson junction, Physical Review B 85, 155117 (2012).

  15. J. P. Bergfield, Z. F. Liu, K. Burke, and C. A. Stafford
    Bethe Ansatz Approach to the Kondo Effect within Density-Functional Theory, Physical Review Letters 108, 066801 (2012).

  16. J. P. Bergfield, J. D. Barr, and C. A. Stafford
    Transmission Eigenvalue Distributions in Highly-conductive Molecular Junctions,
    Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 3, 40-51 (2012).

  17. Gemma C. Solomon, Justin P. Bergfield, Charles A. Stafford, and Mark A. Ratner,
    When "small" terms matter: Coupled interference features in the transport properties of cross-conjugated molecules,
    Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 2, 862-871 (2011).

  18. L. Schulz, M. Willis, L. Nuccio, P. Shusharov, S. Fratini, F. L. Pratt, W. P. Gillin, T. Kreouzis, M. Heeney, N. Stingelin, C. A. Stafford, D. J. Beesley, C. Bernhard, J. E. Anthony, I. Mckenzie, J. S. Lord, and A. J. Drew,
    The importance of intra-molecular electron spin relaxation in small molecular semiconductors, Phys. Rev. B 84, 085209 (2011).

  19. J. P. Bergfield, G. C. Solomon, C. A. Stafford, and M. A. Ratner
    Novel Quantum Interference Effects in Transport through Molecular Radicals,
    Nano Letters 11, 2759-2764 (2011).

  20. J. P. Bergfield, J. D. Barr, and C. A. Stafford,
    The number of transmission channels through a single-molecule junction, ACS Nano 5, 2707-2714 (2011).

  21. J. P. Bergfield, Ph. Jacquod, and C. A. Stafford,
    Coherent Destruction of Coulomb Blockade Peaks in Molecular Junctions, Physical Review B 82, 205405 (2010).

  22. J. P. Bergfield, M. Solis, and C. A. Stafford,
    Giant Thermoelectric Effect from Transmission Supernodes,
    ACS Nano 4, 5314-5320 (2010).

  23. D. F. Urban, J. Bürki, C. A. Stafford, and Hermann Grabert,
    The Nanoscale Free-Electron Model,
    Ch. 6 in the Handbook of Nanophysics: Principles and Methods, edited by Klaus D. Sattler (CRC Press, 2010); arXiv:1006.3910.

  24. B. R. Barrett, J. Bürki, D. M. Cardamone, C. A. Stafford, and D. L. Stein, Determining the Energy Barrier for Decay out of Superdeformed Bands, Physics Letters B 688, 110-113 (2010).

  25. J. P. Bergfield and C. A. Stafford,
    Thermoelectric Signatures of Coherent Transport in Single-Molecule Heterojunctions,
    Nano Letters 9, 3072-3076 (2009).

  26. J. P. Bergfield and C. A. Stafford,
    Many-body theory of electronic transport in single-molecule heterojunctions,
    Physical Review B 79, 245125 (2009).

  27. J. Bürki, C. A. Stafford, and D. L. Stein,
    The Order of Phase Transitions in Barrier Crossing,
    Physical Review E 77, 061115 (2008).

  28. D. M. Cardamone, B. R. Barrett, and C. A. Stafford,
    Universality of Decay out of Superdeformed Bands in the 190 Mass Region,
    Physics Letters B 661, 233 (2008).

  29. C. A. Stafford, D. M. Cardamone, and S. Mazumdar,
    The Quantum Interference Effect Transistor,
    Nanotechnology 18, 424014 (2007).

  30. A. I. Mares, D. F. Urban, J. Bürki, H. Grabert, C. A. Stafford, J. M. van Ruitenbeek,
    Electronic and atomic shell structure in aluminium nanowires,
    Nanotechnology 18, 265403 (2007).

  31. D. F. Urban, C. A. Stafford, and H. Grabert,
    Scaling theory of the Peierls charge density wave in metal nanowires,
    Physical Review B 75, 205428 (2007).

  32. B. Dietz, T. Friedrich, J. Metz, M. Miski-Oglu, A. Richter, F. Schäfer, and C. A. Stafford, Rabi Oscillations at Exceptional Points in Microwave Billiards,
    Physical Review E 75, 027201 (2007).

  33. D. F. Urban, J. Bürki, C. A. Stafford, and H. Grabert,
    Stability and symmetry breaking in metal nanowires: The nanoscale free-electron model, Physical Review B 74, 245414 (2006).

  34. D. M. Cardamone, C. A. Stafford, and S. Mazumdar,
    Controlling quantum transport through a single molecule,
    Nano Letters 6, 2422 (2006).

  35. J. Bürki, C. A. Stafford, and D. L. Stein,
    Comment on ``Nonlinear current-voltage curves of gold quantum point contacts'',
    Applied Physics Letters 88, 166101 (2006).

  36. J. Bürki and C. A. Stafford,
    On the Stability and Structural Dynamics of Metal Nanowires,
    Applied Physics A 81, 1519-1525 (2005).

  37. J. Bürki, C. A. Stafford, and D. L. Stein,
    Theory of metastability in simple metal nanowires,
    Physical Review Letters 95, 090601 (2005).

  38. C.-H. Zhang, J. Bürki, and C. A. Stafford,
    Stability of Metal Nanowires at Ultrahigh Current Densities,
    Physical Review B 71, 235404 (2005).

  39. B. R. Barrett, D. M. Cardamone, and C. A. Stafford,
    Exactly solvable model for the decay of superdeformed nuclei,
    Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 14, 157-164 (2005).

  40. D. F. Urban, J. Bürki, C.-H. Zhang, C. A. Stafford, and H. Grabert,
    Jahn-Teller Distortions and the Supershell Effect in Metal Nanowires,
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 186403 (2004).

  41. D. F. Urban, J. Bürki, A. I. Yanson, I. K. Yanson, C. A. Stafford, J. M. van Ruitenbeek, and H. Grabert,
    Electronic shell effects and the stability of alkali nanowires,
    Solid State Comm. 131, 609-614 (2004).

  42. D. M. Cardamone, C. A. Stafford, and B. R. Barrett,
    How to measure the spreading width for decay of superdeformed nuclei,
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 102502 (2003).

  43. C.-H. Zhang, F. Kassubek, and C. A. Stafford,
    Surface Fluctuations and the Stability of Metal Nanowires,
    Phys. Rev. B 68, 165414 (2003).

  44. J. Bürki, R. E. Goldstein, and C. A. Stafford,
    Quantum Necking in Stressed Metallic Nanowires,
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 254501 (2003).

  45. H.-P. Eckle, H. Johannesson, and C. A. Stafford,
    Eckle et al. Reply,
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 139702 (2002).

  46. D. M. Cardamone, C. A. Stafford, and B. R. Barrett,
    Coherence and Decoherence in Tunneling between Quantum Dots,
    Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 230, 419-423 (2002).

  47. C. A. Stafford,
    Metal Nanowires: Quantum Transport, Cohesion, and Stability,
    Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 230, 481-489 (2002).

  48. F. Kassubek, C. A. Stafford, H. Grabert, and R. E. Goldstein,
    Quantum Suppression of the Rayleigh Instability in Nanowires,
    Nonlinearity 14, 167 (2001).

  49. H.-P. Eckle, H. Johannesson, and C. A. Stafford,
    Kondo Resonance in a Mesoscopic Ring Coupled to a Quantum Dot: Exact Results for the Aharonov-Bohm/Casher Effects,
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 16602 (2001).

  50. C. A. Stafford, J. Bürki, and D. Baeriswyl,
    Comment on ``Density Functional Simulation of a Breaking Nanowire'',
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2548 (2000).

  51. F. Kassubek, C. A. Stafford, and H. Grabert,
    On universality in metallic nanocohesion,
    Physica B 280, 438 (2000).

  52. H.-P. Eckle, H. Johannesson, and C. A. Stafford,
    Aharonov-Bohm/Casher Effect in a Kondo Ring,
    Physica B 284, 1872 (2000).

  53. H.-P. Eckle, H. Johannesson, and C. A. Stafford,
    Kondo Impurity in a Mesoscopic Ring: Charge Persistent Current,
    J. Low Temp. Phys. 118, 475 (2000).

  54. F. Kassubek, C. A. Stafford, and H. Grabert,
    Force, charge, and conductance of an ideal metallic nanowire,
    Phys. Rev. B 59, 7560 (1999).

  55. J. Bürki, C. A. Stafford, X. Zotos, and D. Baeriswyl,
    Cohesion and conductance of disordered metallic point contacts,
    Phys. Rev. B 60, 5000 (1999); Erratum, Phys. Rev. B 62, 2956 (2000).

  56. J. Bürki and C. A. Stafford,
    Comment on ``Quantum Suppression of Shot Noise in Atom-Size Metallic Contacts'',
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3342 (1999).

  57. C. A. Stafford and B. R. Barrett,
    Simple model for decay of superdeformed nuclei,
    Phys. Rev. C 60 , R51305 (1999).

  58. C. A. Stafford, F. Kassubek, J. Bürki, and H. Grabert,
    Universality in metallic nanocohesion: a quantum chaos approach,
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4836 (1999).

  59. F. Mila, C. A. Stafford, and S. Capponi,
    Persistent currents in a Moebius ladder: A new twist on the problem of interchain coherence of interacting electrons,
    Phys. Rev. B 57, 1457 (1998).

  60. C. A. Stafford,
    Quantum theory of metallic nanocohesion,
    Physica E 1, 310 (1998).

  61. R. Kotlyar, C. A. Stafford, and S. Das Sarma,
    Correlated charge polarization in a chain of coupled quantum dots,
    Phys. Rev. B 58, R1746 (1998).

  62. R. Kotlyar, C. A. Stafford, and S. Das Sarma,
    Addition spectrum, persistent current, and spin polarization in coupled quantum-dot arrays: Coherence, correlation, and disorder,
    Phys. Rev. B 58, 3989 (1998).

  63. C. A. Stafford, R. Kotlyar, and S. Das Sarma,
    Coherent resonant tunneling through an artificial molecule,
    Phys. Rev. B 58, 7091 (1998).

  64. C. A. Stafford and S. Das Sarma,
    Coherent Magnetotransport Through an Artificial Molecule,
    Phys. Lett. A 230, 73 (1997).

  65. Ned S. Wingreen and C. A. Stafford,
    Quantum-Dot Cascade Laser: Proposal for an Ultra-Low-Threshold Semiconductor Laser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1170 (1997).

  66. C. A. Stafford and D. F. Wang,
    Parity-locking effect in a strongly-correlated ring,
    Z. Phys. B 103, 323 (1997).

  67. C. A. Stafford and D. F. Wang,
    Interaction-Induced Enhancement and Oscillations of the Persistent Current,
    Phys. Rev. B 56, R4383 (1997).

  68. C. A. Stafford, D. Baeriswyl, and J. Bürki,
    Jellium model of metallic nanocohesion,
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2863 (1997).

  69. M. Büttiker and C. A. Stafford,
    Charge Transfer Induced Persistent Current and Capacitance Oscillations,
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 495 (1996).

  70. C. A. Stafford and Ned S. Wingreen,
    Resonant Photon-Assisted Tunneling Through a Double Quantum Dot:
    An Electron Pump From Spatial Rabi Oscillations
    ,
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1916 (1996).

  71. C. A. Stafford,
    Nonlinear Conductance in Resonant Tunneling,
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2770 (1996).

  72. C. A. Stafford and S. Das Sarma,
    Collective Coulomb Blockade in an Array of Quantum Dots: A Mott-Hubbard Approach,
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3590 (1994).

  73. D. Z. Liu, Ben Yu-Kuang Hu, C. A. Stafford, and S. Das Sarma,
    Dynamic Magneto-Conductance Fluctuations and Oscillations in Mesoscopic Wires and Rings,
    Phys. Rev. B 50, R5799 (1994).

  74. C. A. Stafford and A. J. Millis,
    Scaling theory of the Mott-Hubbard metal-insulator transition in one dimension,
    Phys. Rev. B 48, 1409 (1993).

  75. C. A. Stafford,
    Unusual low-temperature thermopower in the one-dimensional Hubbard model,
    Phys. Rev. B 48, 8430 (1993).

  76. C. A. Stafford, A. J. Millis, and B. S. Shastry,
    Finite-size effects on the optical conductivity of a half-filled Hubbard ring,
    Phys. Rev. B 43, 13660 (1991).

  77. C. Stafford, S. Schmitt-Rink, and W. Schaefer,
    Nonlinear optical response of two-dimensional magnetoexcitons,
    Phys. Rev. B 41, 10000 (1990).

  78. J. B. Stark, W. H. Knox, D. S. Chemla, W. Schäfer, S. Schmitt-Rink, and C. Stafford,
    Femtosecond dynamics of excitons under extreme magnetic confinement,
    Phys. Rev. Lett.  65, 3033 (1990).


  79. Conference Proceedings

  80. J. Bürki, C. A. Stafford, and D. L. Stein,
    Fluctuational Instabilities of Alkali and Noble Metal Nanowires,
    in Noise in Complex Systems and Stochastic Dynamics II, edited by Z. Gingl et al. (SPIE Proceedings, 2004), vol. 5471, pp. 367-379.

  81. C. A. Stafford, F. Kassubek, and H. Grabert,
    Cohesion and Stability of Metal Nanowires: A Quantum Chaos Approach,
    in ``Advances in Solid State Physics, Volume 41,'' B. Kramer ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2001), pp. 497-511.

  82. J. Bürki and C. A. Stafford,
    Statistics of quantum transport in metal nanowires with surface disorder,
    in ``Electronic Correlations: from meso- to nano-physics,''
    T. Martin, G. Montambaux, and J. Tran Thanh Van eds. (EDP Sciences, Les Ulis, France 2001), pp. 27-30.

  83. C. A. Stafford,
    Stability and symmetry breaking in metal nanowires,
    in ``The Universality of Physics: a Festschrift in Honor of Deng Feng Wang,''
    R. R. Khuri, J. T. Liu, F. Chen, and W. Gan eds. (Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2001), pp. 41-51.

  84. C. A. Stafford, F. Kassubek, J. Bürki, H. Grabert, and D. Baeriswyl,
    Cohesion, Conductance, and Charging Effects in a Metallic Nanocontact,
    in ``Quantum Physics at the Mesoscopic Scale,'' D. C. Glattli, M. Sanquer and J. Tran Thanh Van eds. (EDP Sciences, Les Ulis, France, 2000), pp. 49-53.

  85. H.-P. Eckle, H. Johannesson, and C. A. Stafford,
    Persistent Currents in a Kondo Ring,
    in ``Quantum Physics at the Mesoscopic Scale,'' D. C. Glattli, M. Sanquer and J. Tran Thanh Van eds. (EDP Sciences, Les Ulis, France, 2000), pp. 445-449.

  86. B. R. Barrett and C. A. Stafford,
    Two-Level Model for Decay Out of a Superdeformed Band,
    in ``Capture Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy and Related Topics,''
    S. Wender ed., AIP Conf. Proc. 529, 512-517 (2000).

  87. M. Büttiker and C. A. Stafford,
    Coherent Charge Transfer Resonances and Fluctuations in a Mesoscopic Ring Coupled to a Quantum Dot,
    in ``Correlated Fermions and Transport in Mesoscopic Systems,'' T. Martin, G. Montambaux, and J. Tran Thanh Van eds.,
    p. 491 (Editions Frontieres, Gif-sur-Yvette, 1996).

  88. C. A. Stafford,
    Multi-Terminal Conductance Formula for an Interacting Mesoscopic System,
    in ``Correlated Fermions and Transport in Mesoscopic Systems,'' T. Martin, G. Montambaux, and J. Tran Thanh Van eds.,
    p. 501 (Editions Frontieres, Gif-sur-Yvette, 1996).

  89. C. A. Stafford and S. Das Sarma,
    Transport and Optical Spectroscopy of an Array of Quantum Dots with Strong Coulomb Correlations,
    in ``Quantum Transport in Ultrasmall Devices,'' D. K. Ferry, H. L. Grubin, C. Jacoboni, and Antti-Pekka Jauho eds.,
    p. 445 (Plenum, New York, 1995).

  90. W. Schaefer, S. Schmitt-Rink, and C. Stafford,
    Nonlinear Optical Response of Two-Dimensional Magneto-Excitions,
    in ``High-Speed Phenomena in Photonic Materials and Optical Bistability,'' D. Jaeger, ed., SPIE Proc. 1280, 24 (1990).

  91. W. Schaefer, S. Schmitt-Rink, and C. Stafford,
    Nonlinear Optical Response of 2D Magneto-Excitions,
    Proc. 17th Int. Quantum Electron. Conf., OSA Technical Digest Series 8, 98 (1990).


Patents and inventions

  1. J. Bürki, C. A. Stafford, and D. L. Stein,
    Nanoscale variable resistor/electromechanical transistor,
    U.S. Patent No. 8,492,231, issued July 23, 2013.

  2. C. A. Stafford, D. M. Cardamone, and S. Mazumdar,
    Quantum Interference Effect Transistor (QuIET),
    U.S. Patent No. 7,786,472, issued August 31, 2010.

  3. N. S. Wingreen and C. A. Stafford,
    Quantum-Dot Cascade Laser,
    U.S. Patent No. 5,692,003, issued November 25, 1997.

Links People Teaching Research University of Arizona Home Department of Physics